Photograph: Rob Suisted — Nature's Pic Images
Print: William Curtis, Anistome, 1911
The five island groups that make up the subantarctic islands are located in the Southern Ocean south to south-east of New Zealand. Spanning six degrees of latitude, from 47 to 52 degrees south, the five island groups occupy the stormy latitudes of the Roaring Forties and Furious Fifties, known also as the Albatross Latitudes. The Macquarie Islands, belonging to Australia, could also be said to belong to this group.
The subtropical convergence, where the subtropical waters and subantarctic waters meet, extends around and beyond the southern shores of the South Island of New Zealand and east to the Chatham Islands. These conditions combined with the topography of submarine landforms create areas of upwelling where nutrients, fish and seabirds are abundant. The area is particularly notable for the large number and diversity of seabirds and penguins that nest there. There are 126 bird species in total, including 40 seabirds of which five breed nowhere else in the world. The bird and plant life, especially the endemic albatrosses, cormorants, landbirds and “megaherbs” are unique to the islands.
Farming was also attempted on some of the islands.
|(page last updated July 3, 2011)|
|web diva: Narena Olliver, new zealand birds limited , Greytown, New Zealand. 2006|
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